Hemorrhoids frequently affect pregnant women and older people. However, anyone can be at risk of having this problem. In fact, many individuals develop hemorrhoid conditions at some point in their lives, usually after the age of 30. This is a common problem for those who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Nevertheless, the good news is that hemorrhoids are very treatable and rarely cause a serious problem.
What Are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids result when the veins inside and surrounding the anus become swollen. They come in two different forms: internal and external.
These types of hemorrhoids are inside the rectum. They do not usually cause pain in the anus during bowel movements. However, they may possibly bleed. There are also internal hemorrhoids that prolapsed or extend outside the anus, and these are the ones that can be painful.
These types of hemorrhoids are located around the external part of the anus. When they are inflamed, they feel like hard lumps. They are covered with a very sensitive-to-touch skin that can bleed during hard bowel movements.
There are several symptoms of hemorrhoid conditions. The most common symptoms include having sensitive lumps surrounding the anus, pain, protrusion during bowel movements, bleeding during bowel movements, and anal itching.
Causes of Hemorrhoids
There are many conditions and situations that can contribute to developing hemorrhoid disorders. The most common conditions include aging, overuse of laxatives, pregnancy, straining during bowel movements, chronic diarrhea, and chronic constipation.
Treatment for Hemorrhoids
For some hemorrhoid conditions that are considered mild, the symptoms can be relieved by making changes in the diet and lifestyle. The main goal of the treatment is to make sure that the stool should be soft and easy to pass through the anus. Increasing fiber intake and drinking more water will make the stool soft and help prevent constipation.
For those who suffer from IBS, soluble fibers such as psyllium husks, oatmeal, and brown rice are often tolerated better than the insoluble fibers such as seeds, cereals, whole grains, and wheat bran. On the other hand, for those who suffer from IBD, it would be best to seek a doctor’s advice before adding any fiber to the diet. For those who suffer from either IBD or IBS, taking care first of the underlying symptoms of diarrhea or constipation can greatly help the hemorrhoid conditions to heal more quickly.
For severe hemorrhoid conditions, several treatments are recommended by doctors. Some of the latest approaches that have been used to treat hemorrhoid conditions include clot removal, hemorrhoidectomy, infrared coagulation, sclerotherapy, and rubber band ligation.