Neuropathy is damage that affects the peripheral nervous system, which has been caused by trauma or illness. Polyneuropathy is the most frequent type that affects the waist below. Neuropathy is categorized by the cause or fiber size. When the cause cannot be found, the condition is known as idiopathic. Pain is the most well-known symptom of the disease. Neuropathy symptoms vary based on the nerve type and location in the body.
Neuropathy usually includes various symptoms like pain, fatigue, muscle weakness, twitching and sensory loss. One or a collection of nerves can be damaged, which affects walking and balance. Sensory nerve damage brings about pain and numbness. Autonomic damage leads to uncontrollable symptoms, like irregular heart rate, decreased perspiration and incontinence. Diseases, ineffective surgeries and spine injuries are common contributors to the pain.
Mononeuropathy involves damage caused to one nerve only. The most frequent cause is nerve compression. A common symptom is the feeling of pins and needles. Moving the limb or nerve relieves the pain. When the nerve is injured, inflamed or cut off from blood circulation, mononeuropathy occurs.
Polyneuropathy is more serious than mononeuropathy because it usually affects a large area of nerves. Polyneuropathy affects different areas of the body. As a result, problems appear all over the body. In many cases, the impairments show up first and foremost in the feet. The affected person has trouble walking and standing. Incontinence and erectile dysfunction are also reported.
Diabetes and reduced glucose management are significant causes of polyneuropathy. Drugs, alcohol, toxins, infections and nutritional deficiencies are other causes. Most polyneuropathies develop slowly over time, but rapid forms occur. Blood glucose levels that spike suddenly can damage nerves. For some people, small fiber neuropathy formed because of glucose intolerance. If signs are found early, the effects are reversible.
Neuropathy pain treatment is designed to remove or manage the cause, build muscle strength and remove or manage symptoms. Nerve pain relief comes in different forms, such as pills, food and supplements. Alpha lipoic acids are nutrients that promote natural healing. Diabetics should consult a medical provider because blood sugar levels are changed. In addition to medication, a healthy diet and exercise plan reduces the development of neuropathy pain.
Neuropathic pain is nerve pain. It can be caused by injury or disease that damages single nerves or groups of nerves. Sciatic nerve pain that travels down the leg, which is caused by a back injury, is one example. Nerve damage brought on by long-term high blood glucose levels that damages the protective myelin sheath of nerves is called diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy starts in the sensory nerves of the hands and feet. This is why it is most often referred to as peripheral diabetic neuropathy. Neuropathy that affects the nerves of the heart, gut, and other systems is called autonomic neuropathy.
Peripheral neuropathy symptoms usually begin with a burning or tingling sensation in the fingers and toes. The pain can become excruciating over a period of time. Sufferers often complain that their feet feel as if they are on fire with pain. The pain leads to the loss of feeling in the hands and feet. As the nerve fibers are damaged by inflammation or destruction of the myelin, their ability to send signals is interrupted and diminished. Feeling in the feet of diabetics is usually the first to go. Sufferers often describe how they can no longer detect what type of surfaces they are walking on. It may be impossible to get a pair of shoes that are comfortable to wear.
Those who suffer from autonomic neuropathy may have delayed digestion that leads to vomiting or bouts of diarrhea and constipation due to the gut not moving the food along appropriately. Those with autonomic nerve damage to the heart muscle may develop an arrhythmia. Gastroparesis is paralysis of the gut due to nerve damage. The gut works by nerve pulses that initiate peristalsis to make the gut move food along the digestive track. Nerve damage interrupts the signals.
Neuropathy treatment may include surgery for trauma-induced nerve damage or gaining tight control of blood glucose levels of diabetics to prevent further nerve destruction. Medications that help with nerve pain include anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen. Certain anti-seizure medications and medications used in the treatment of depression also work in treating nerve pain.
Those suffering with autonomic neuropathy may need a pacemaker if the nerves that control the rhythm of the heart are damaged. Gastroparesis also has an implantable pacemaker-like option to stimulate nerves in the gut to work. Metoclopramide (Reglan) is the only drug of its kind approved in the U.S. for treating gastroparesis, but some patients cannot tolerate the side effects.
Anyone who has ever suffered from migraine pain can tell you that it is no walk in the park. While migraines strike women most often, men suffer as well. Those who deal with this intense and severe form of headache generally are affected throughout their lives. Any headache has the potential to blossom into a full-blown migraine. Migraine symptoms vary from attack to attack and from person to person. However, there are many common symptoms that can help a person to pinpoint if he or she is suffering from this form of headache. The next step is to seek help.
An aura is often the first of migraine symptoms, providing early warning that a migraine is on the way. An aura consists of spots, jagged lights, or bright lights that cross one’s vision. A migraine may follow the aura about an hour later, although sometimes the pain fails to appear. The pain of a migraine tends to be a terrible throbbing that may occur on only one side of the head. Nausea and vomiting may follow the pain. There may even be weakness or numbness on one side of the body that accompanies the headache. This is a serious form of headache that could persist for hours or days. Most victims are unable to continue normal activities when a migraine hits. Certain noises, bright lights, or particular smells may be triggers. Illness and lack of sleep may make a person more prone to another attack. People often become irritable and may have cravings for chocolate or other sweets before a migraine sets in.
Pain relief can help those who suffer from these debilitating headaches. There are over-the-counter medications intended to treat migraines. Stronger, prescription medications are available as well. Medicine should be taken as soon as symptoms begin. It is best to go to a cool, dark, quiet place to rest until the pain passes. Cold compresses and massaging the temples can help as well. Certain foods should be avoided, such as caffeine and processed meats. It is important to get the proper amount of sleep and avoid known triggers. Those who suffer from migraines should consult a doctor. There are medications that may actually prevent migraines from happening. No one should accept these painful episodes without a fight. It is important to pay attention to one’s body and avoid potential attacks.
Joint pain can occur for any number of reasons. When it occurs at night, there can be a separate problem or a similar one that causes daytime pain as well. Some possibilities include fibromyalgia and leg syndrome. Joint pain symptoms can also occur when there is injury to the joint and it can be caused by conditions like arthritis. Often, the joint becomes inflamed in the night, which is especially true for women going through menopause or about to. This could be due to diet changes, sleep changes, or a change in exercise habits. Only a physician can make a proper diagnosis to help find joint pain relief.
Fibromyalgia occurs when the body becomes very sensitive to pressure, which leads to the body experiencing pain all over. Experiencing pain in the joints during the nighttime can be due to this, and other problems such as sleep disorders can also be present. There is currently no cure for the condition, so treatment aims at easing the stress the condition causes by managing the symptoms. Causes of the condition include high stress or genetic predisposition. In the former case, the pain can disappear by adjusting one’s lifestyle to reduce stress.
Injuries can cause pain at night. Direct trauma damages the joint ligaments or even the bones. Though it might seem minor when it occurs, an untreated injury can lead to swelling and inflammation by the nighttime. It can help to ice the area that is affected to reduce bruising and local swelling, which reduces the pain. Taking medication from the store and resting the joint as much as possible will generally provide relief from this kind of pain.
In the case of restless legs syndrome, a sufferer cannot seem to stop moving his legs to ease discomfort. This can lead to the legs being overused, which leads to pain in the joints in the middle of the night. This is also generally accompanied by symptoms such as insomnia. Discomfort occurs when the joints are overused because the muscles and ligaments tighten. There are medications that can reduce the symptoms and discomfort, and the rest comes with figuring out why the syndrome is triggering.
Conditions like arthritis can keep a sufferer up at night with pain in the joints. This occurs as the joint ligaments wear down from aging, which causes bones to rub on nerve endings or on each other. This may cause bone spurs and even more pain. Typically, proper stretching exercises and medication can remedy this issue.
Joint pain in the knee can be very intense and can even interfere with walking. When the knee doesn’t flex and roll properly, it can hinder one’s ability to walk normally. Sometimes, knee pain will require surgery to repair damage, but there are several remedies that can help to heal the problem naturally.
When the first instance of knee pain occurs, it is important to use the same procedure as with any kind of muscle pain; ice the affected area for the first day and then apply heat from that point on. Applying ice prevents inflammation and swelling that are common in the first few hours of the injury, and the heat will help keep the muscles from getting stiff as they heal and work to repair themselves. This is the first line of defense for knee pain relief.
When the knee pain is a recurring problem, one may look into purchasing a brace. However, this can be expensive and the brace should be designed to fit the knee in question. Sporting goods stores do sell cheaper varieties, but they’re mostly designed to prevent further injury rather than help the body heal. Over-the-counter medication can also help the pain, though it will not do anything for healing the body.
While it may seem like a painful idea to exercise to seek relief of the pain, it can actually be very beneficial to do this as it works the muscles. Dimple stretching exercises will keep the knee from freezing up. Because the knee needs strong ligaments, performing limbering exercises can also help; just do not overdo it.
Obesity is increasingly a cause of knee pain because the joints suffer when carrying excess weight. Even dropping 10 pounds can make a big difference in strain. In addition, the change in diet and other habits required to lose weight will provide more benefits for the body, including an enhanced ability to fight off the inflammation affecting the joints like the knee.
A few changes in lifestyle can help manage knee pain, along with performing some stretching and strengthening exercises for the muscles and the ligaments around the knee. Of course, prior to starting any kind of regimen for this treatment, it is wise to speak with a physician to ensure that the desired exercises are right for the pain.